真普選聯盟 立法會選舉方案
The Alliance for True Democracy Proposal for Legislative Council Elections

(English)
19.03.2014

  • 全面普選立法會所有議席,廢除所有功能組別議席。
  • 35席以單議席單票制選出,以約350萬名選民推算,平均每個選區約有10萬名選民。
  • 35席以不分區比例代表制選出,採用抗特法 [1]

二零一六年一次性過渡安排

  • 要求盡早落實全面直選立法會,不能排除二零一六年全面直選。
  • 此方案只屬一次性過渡安排,不可遲於二零二零年落實全面直選。
  • 立法會議席維持70席,其中50席以直選選出。
  • 保留35席以分區比例代表制選出,改用抗特法計票。
  • 新增15席直選議席以不分區比例代表制選出,採用抗特法計票。選民分別在分區比例代表制及不分區比例代表制各擁有一票。以約350萬名選民及50%的投票率推算,約11萬7千票可穩奪一席。
  • 功能界別減至20席。現有之30席功能界別,大致可以分為專業界別9席 [2]工商界及各經濟產業15席 [3]、以及社會及政治界別6席[4]。建議按此三大類將各功能界別合併,每大類按比例獲分配原來三分之二的議席數目:即「專業」大類界別將佔6席、「工商界及各經濟產業」大類將佔10席、和「社會及政治」大類界別將佔4席。各大界別選民每人或每法團只能投一票,取得最多得票的候選人當選。
  • 不再設「超級區議會」議席。
  • 取消分組點票。

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[1] 抗特法(d’Hondt formula) 計算的公式,是以投予每張名單的選票數目,按名單上的順序除以1、2、3、4等整數,再分配予名單上的候選人,然後按每位候選人得票多少分配議席。

[2] 現包括醫學、教育、會計、社會福利、衛生服務、工程、建築測量及都市規劃、法律、資訊科技。

[3] 現包括工業界(2席)、商界(2席)、批發及零售、進出口、地產及建築、金融、金融服務、飲食、紡織及製衣、航運交通、漁農、保險、旅遊。

[4] 包括勞工界(3席)、區議會、鄉議局、「體育、演藝、文化及出版」界。

 

The Alliance for True Democracy
Proposal for Legislative Council Elections

  • All seats should be elected by direct election on the basis of universal suffrage; all Functional Constituency seats should be abolished.
  • 35 seats will be elected under the single-seat constituency first-past-the-post system. With approximately 3.5 million registered voters, there would be about 100,000 voters in each constituency.
  • 35 seats will be elected by proportional representation, with the whole of Hong Kong as one constituency, adopting the d’ Hondt formula (1). With approximately 3.5 million registered voters, assuming voter turnout rate to be about 50%, roughly 50,000 votes can secure one seat.

Transitional Plan for the 2016 Legislative Council Election

  • Universal suffrage for the Legislative Council elections should be implemented as soon as possible; its implementation in 2016 must be considered.
  • This proposal is an ad hoc arrangement; Legislative Council elections by universal suffrage should be implemented no later than 2020.
  • Total number of seats in the Legislative Council remains 70, with 50 seats elected by direct election.
  • 35 seats will maintain the existing proportional representation system, with the whole of Hong Kong divided into several constituencies, adopting the d’ Hondt formula in vote counting.
  • 15 seats will be elected by proportional representation with the whole of Hong Kong as one single constituency, adopting the d’ Hondt formula in vote counting. Voters will have two votes, with one additional vote for the proportional representation election in the entire Hong Kong constituency. With approximately 3.5 million registered voters, assuming voter turnout rate to be about 50%, roughly 117,000 votes can secure one seat.
  • Functional Constituency seats will be reduced to 20. In the 30 current Functional Constituency seats, there are 9 seats for professional sectors (2) ; 15 seats for commercial and economic sectors (3); and 6 seats for social and political sectors (4). It is suggested that these seats may be grouped into three large constituencies along the above lines, i.e., the professional sectors will return 6 seats; the commercial and economic sectors 10 seats; and the social and political sectors 4 seats. In each group constituency, each elector can vote for only one candidate; the candidates that secure the most votes win.
  • The District Council (II) Functional Constituency seats will be abolished.
  • Split Voting in the Legislative Council will be abolished.

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(1) The d’ Hondt formula is as follows: if N votes are cast for a list of candidates, the first candidate on the list shall gain N votes, the second candidate shall gain one half, the third shall gain one-third, etc. The candidates securing most votes win.
(2) Medical, Education, Accountancy, Social Welfare, Health Services, Engineering, Legal, Information Technology, and Architectural, Surveying and Planning.
(3) Industrial (2 seats), Commercial (2 seats), Wholesale and Retail, Import and Export, Real Estate and Construction, Finance, Financial Services, Catering, Textiles and Garment, Transport, Insurance, Tourism, and Agriculture and Fisheries.
(4) Labour (3 seats), District Council-First, Heung Yee Kuk, and Sports, Performing Arts, Culture and Publication.