教協報/特刊

《教協報》692期 (2019-01-28)目錄


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【教協焦點】2019年是民主教育年!

【封面故事】

【教育要聞】

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Investment in Public Education Lags behind Recurrent Expenditure Must Continuously Increase

PTU News Reporter

The lack of investment in public education in Hong Kong has long been an issue. Since the education reform, the government has been issuing one-off funds to meet recurrent education needs, causing serious side effects. The latest IMD World Talent Ranking reveals Hong Kong lags behind in educational investment. After taking office, the new government added a total of 8.4 billion of recurrent expenditure on education to show responsibility. Yet, improving education cannot stop there and the government must catch up with their investment in public education. The Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) hopes the budget delivered next month will prove the government’s readiness to allocate sufficient resources to education and to adopt improvement measures.

World Talent Ranking: Hong Kong Slips due to Lack of Investment in Education

The IMD World Talent Ranking 2018 issued by the International Institute for Management Development last November shows that Hong Kong slipped significantly in Investment & Development mainly due to the lack of resources in public education. Developed countries in Europe and the United States spend approximately 5% of their GDP on public education while Hong Kong spends approximately 3.5% and ranks 56th among 63 countries/regions. Although education expenditure reached 4% of the GDP last year, the increase was mainly in irregular expenses while recurrent expenditure made up only 3% of the GDP.

Education is a long-term investment and increase should be made in recurrent expenditure. The HKPTU expects the government to allocate resources continuously and increase recurrent expenditure on education to at least 4% of GDP with the long-term goal to reach 5%, the standard of developed countries, in order to continuously improve education quality.

Adequate Budget Must Be Planned for Improvement Measures

The new government is relatively receptive to feedback from the education sector. Measures were adopted in the past year to respond to demands in various aspects such as improving student-teacher ratio, implementing all-graduate teaching force policy, counselling services, subsidies for self-financing programmes, integrated education, and special education.

With respect to early childhood education, the HKPTU demands implementation of a pay scale for kindergarten teachers, improving the remuneration packages of principals, increasing early childhood education unit cost, full subsidies for whole-day and long whole-day kindergartens, planning kindergarten sites, improvement of teaching and administration manpower in kindergartens, addition of courses and special educational needs coordinators, etc. As for primary, secondary, and special schools, the government should continue to improve student-teacher ratio, implement all-graduate teaching force policy, and improve manpower at the middle management level. The government ought to respond swiftly to the fluctuation of number of students, adopt stabilization measures, and implement small class teaching. The students per class at special schools should be reduced and counselling services at secondary and primary schools ought to be enhanced. In tertiary and vocational education, the number of places at universities should be substantially increased and subsidies for self-financing students should be extended.

These are all policies the education sector agrees on and would hopefully be adopted in priority in the upcoming budget to enhance education and to benefit students.

書籍推介/好書為禮(692期教協報)

 圖書服務主頁 >> 教協有為圖書坊主頁

(圖片僅供參考;資料及售價或有更改,以購買時為準。)

2019.01.28(#692《教協報》)

 教協有為圖書坊 好書為禮

生命無奇不有!海、河、湖的怪奇生物圖鑑
作者:武田正倫
出版社:東販
青少年特愛「奇」!這本書既有奇趣又有知識,絕對吸引!雄性間會接吻的魚,其實在互相攻擊?有用嘴巴生小孩的蛙及用背袋育兒的蛙嗎?在陸地上生存的魚是哪種魚?為甚麼可以存活?竟有用奶水育兒的魚?!還有會製造硫酸的海藻、能夠自行游泳的海葵、跑很快的海膽、長生不老的水母……等,共百種奇妙水生生物!這本以圖解說不可思議生物的奇妙生態圖鑑,叫人喜愛!
$69.8
動物醫生的熱血日記:貓咪、倉鼠到蜥蜴,66個最新奇動人的生命故事
作者:田向健一
版社:商周

這是一本叫人又笑又哭的作品。他熱愛各種生物,抱著滿腔熱血進入獸醫系,卻發現大學裡除了馬、牛、豬、狗和貓,其他甚麼也沒教!近20年來,他怎樣治理黏在蟑螂屋裡的倉鼠,幫上了年紀的壞脾氣兔子洗屁股,替渾身帶刺的刺蝟修剪指甲,還有需要輸血的巨蜥,膀胱結石的烏龜……每隻受傷的動物背後都有故事。從這些小生命中,我們將學到關於豢養、生命和愛的意義。
$84.8 

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教協有為圖書坊 及 教協銅鑼灣服務中心書閣發售

 見習小偵探熊當當 ‧ 閃亮的雜果賓治 ‧ 消失的藍莓蛋糕 ‧ 可疑的藍色貨車
蔡明亮著╱小樹苗出版
每本$33.8
 
靚湯王 ‧ 肉類乾貨篇 ‧ 蔬果水產篇
李慧君著╱萬里出版
每本$73.5  
 
 GARAM奇妙的算術拼圖 GARAM神奇的算術拼圖
拉美西斯布恩科沙弗著╱和平出版
每本$58.5

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年近歲晚,又是大掃除清潔的季節。工會知道各位會員忙於工作未必有時間進行仔細清潔。所謂「術業有專攻」,交由專業的家務助理幫助大家進行大掃除清潔就再好不過。
香港家務助理總工會(職工盟屬會)正舉行大掃除配工計劃,歡迎各位登記成為僱主。
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  • 2019年1月29日前 時薪$150
  • 2019年1月30日起 時薪 議價($160起)


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教育電視面臨檢討 教協調查徵前線意見

 

本報記者

教育局自70年代起向學校提供教育電視(ETV)作為多媒體教學資源,至今超過40年歷史。ETV陪伴不少學生成長,更造就了數代人的集體回憶。不過去年《審計報告》發現,學校總體收看的ETV節目數目仍屬偏少,中學及幼稚園收看的數目更顯著下跌,令各界十分關注ETV的未來發展。

小學成ETV主要使用者
中學幼稚園收看量僅得個位數

為了評估ETV服務的使用率和效益,教育局每年均會進行調查,監察學校每班平均收看ETV節目的數目。根據資料顯示,在16/17年,小學每班平均收看39.9個ETV節目,是收看ETV節目最多的界別。中學及幼稚園每班平均收看的數目分別僅得5.3個及2.3個,遠低於小學的使用率。

對於中學及幼稚園ETV收看量持續偏低的問題,《審計報告》指有中學教師反映,由於授課時間緊湊,許多教師不願意在只有35-40分鐘的課堂上播放15-20分鐘的ETV節目,以免耽擱教學進度。此外,由於近年有愈來愈多其他視像教學資源(如YouTube),為師生提供了不少替代選擇,亦是這些學校ETV收看率偏低的原因之一。

問卷調查收集小學前線意見

教育局表示即將就ETV進行檢討,並研究其長遠模式及發展。小學界作為ETV的主要使用者,其意見對ETV的未來發展十分重要。對此,教協正進行問卷調查,冀收集小學同工對使用ETV的意見,現誠邀各位小學同工填寫。同工們可透過以下網址(https://www.hkptu.org/55641)參與問卷調查。

課堂教學效能的探究

見微集 ■  趙志成

去年六月底正式在大學退休,因失去前線教學觸覺,想裸退,也就擱筆,好好讀點書。

抵不住學校的誠意邀請,到三、四所中、小學做點教學顧問工作,這幾個月,都在學校穿梭,有講座及工作坊,共同備課交流,更觀了大量的課堂教學,參與課後討論及回饋,很充實,也長知識。

蒙編輯不棄,也就復耕〈見微集〉。 …… 閱讀全文

有關教師職安健

權益與專業 ■ 權益及投訴部

會員不時向教協表示,校方對教師職業安全保障的敏感度不足,增加他們患上不同程度消化系統疾病、聲帶病變及筋骨勞損的機會。以下綜合了前線教師所反映的職安健問題:

禁止教師使用擴音器講課

有前線老師指學校禁止他們在授課期間使用擴音器,這有可能影響老師的職業健康。因課室空間大,如他們不准使用擴音器,但卻要讓課室內所有學生都能清晰聽到授課內容,老師便必須大幅提高聲量。當老師要長期、每天並連續多個小時大聲說話,必然會對老師的聲帶帶來沉重負擔,增加他們出現聲帶病變的機會。

其實,職業安全健康局(下稱職安局)的《個人及社區服務行業工作安全-教師》小冊子註1 (下稱小冊子)也建議教師在授課時使用擴音器,保護自己的聲帶。學校應採納職安局的建議,讓老師可妥善運用聲線,此亦有助學生的課堂學習。

要求教師必須站立教學

站立教學讓老師較易掌握課堂的情況;然而,當老師需要每天連續上課數小時,長期站立便會對身體造成沉重負擔。有校長體諒老師,容許老師在授課時小坐一會,或容許老師穿著較舒適的鞋,減輕長期站立對雙足的負擔。惟仍有部分校長認為站立教學的形式比老師的健康更重要,當發現老師在授課時小坐一會,不問情理便向老師作出紀律處分,未有顧及老師正懷孕、抱恙或產後虛弱的情況。

學校未有適當安排教師的用膳時間

不少學校都會安排老師與學生一同在課室午膳,亦會安排老師在午膳時段與學生進行不同的活動和訓練,例如朗誦訓練或合唱團練習等,以致老師難有足夠時間好好用膳,有關情況在小學尤其嚴重。老師不時需要在午膳期間處理突發問題,不單令他們未能專心進食,更要停下來處理事故,令本來已經不足的用膳時間再被縮短。有不少小學老師向教協反映,他們每天只有約15分鐘匆匆進食午膳,因而患上不同程度的消化系統疾病。

如校方能加以考量,實可靈活處理老師的用膳安排,例如容許老師在緊接學生午膳時段前後的空堂用膳,這樣既可妥善照顧學生用膳,又可減低剝削老師用膳時間的機會。

教協已去信職安局,反映前線教師所關注的職安健問題,希望職安局制定適切的實務指引,提高學校的安全管理水平,從而保障校內寶貴的人力資源。同時,教協亦建議職安局應再次就本港教師的職安健情況進行研究,以掌握客觀數據,政府當局便可制訂校園職安健指引,讓學校依從。
如對上述內容有疑問,請致電2780 7337與權益及投訴部聯絡。

註1:>>《個人及社區服務行業工作安全-教師》小冊子 
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