教協報/特刊

坦率的告別

教師園地 ■ 徐竟勛

早兩個月,南韓女子排球代表隊成員李多英與李在英被揭發在小學及中學的時候曾經欺凌過其他同學,包括辱罵、勒索與肢體暴力等等,瞬即被韓國排球協會無限期終止二人為國上陣的資格,由天堂落到地獄,原因就是以前的無知及錯誤—這樣不禁讓我反思,為甚麼那位被欺凌的同學,事隔這麼多年才說出來呢?而那兩位欺凌別人的運動員,又是背負著一種怎樣的感覺,活到現在? …… 閱讀全文

既復舊也要革新 

教書人語 ■ 陳漢森

2007年前,會考中文科只考閱讀和寫作兩卷;2007年起,會考中文科要考閱讀、寫作、聆聽、綜合、口語共五卷。早前教育局宣布,今年(2021年)新學年中四級,文憑試只考閱讀和寫作兩卷,中文科課程「改革」了14年後,回復舊貌。

有行家認為這是「撥亂反正」;有人認為口語、聆聽兩卷值得保留;有人恐怕回復舊貌之後,中文科又會教文學和傳統文化,要學生死背書。尚未見有人額手稱慶,歡欣鼓舞。「考五卷的課程」令師生忙亂耗歇,但「考兩卷的課程」也看不到美好的前路。

改革課程時或許有其良好的動機,例如想改變中文教學沉悶低效的局面。但新增的課程,尤其是聆聽、綜合卷,令中文課經常耗在無效操練上,而對語文能力提高毫無幫助。口語訓練當然有價值,但文憑試口語考評形式,信度效度不足,又佔用大量課時。其實訓練學生的口語,可以利用師生、生生的問答,分組討論和匯報、辯論、朗讀朗誦等機會。

如今中文教學的包袱減輕了,只集中在閱讀和寫作能力訓練上。今天的中文老師,較少像上一輩對傳統文化、文學教育的執著,又經歷過照顧差異、自主學習、電子學習、網上學習等潮流衝擊,不容易重回昔日傳統串講少練的老路。尤其是網上交流平台眾多而活躍,有心的教師很容易取得有用的教學資源,汲取到有用的經驗,改進教學,提高教學成效。

未來中文教學需要大量教學法的探索、試驗、交流,不宜因循苟且或閉門造車。閱讀課要設法令學生喜歡閱讀,廣泛閱讀,提高閱讀能力,養成閱讀習慣。寫作課要令學生不害怕動筆,進而喜歡寫作,更好地表達自己。不能再令學生聞中文課而厭煩!

 


陳漢森 香港中文大學哲學系畢業,退休中學教師,香港教育大學「教育創新領導計劃」學校發展主任。曾長期擔任教協學術部理事,為現屆教協監事。在報章撰寫教育專欄多年,著作有《失控教室》、《課室管理》、《班級經營》、《有效教學》、《教好中文》等等。

責任

保寶秘笈 ■ 張兆聰

大部分同工都會遇過以下兩類型的孩子:一、生活慵懶,日常課堂及課業表現不甚了了,測考臨近前自信滿滿地說「得啦,我前一兩晚睇吓就ok」;二、和第一類近似(甚或更差),而測考前夕(通常是前一日)突然發奮,要求老師為其提供全日指導補課;再進取一點的,甚至要求老師傳授最簡單快捷有效的方法,例如問「阿Sir有無提示? / 阿Sir嚟啦畀啲tips我啦 / 可唔可以幫我縮窄個溫書範圍 /不如您講清楚啲聽日份卷具體嚟講考乜」等,使其可以測考過關。

每當苦口婆心地向學生勸勉「讀書嘅嘢,三分天注定,七分要靠打拚」時,總有些有「轉數」甚快的人回應「剩低九十分係『無能為力』」,然後又是一陣愉快的歡笑聲,而我也只好苦笑嘆息,然後虛應一句「咁樣的話我只能默默地在試場上為您獻上祝福」作結。

說真的,老師也好父母也好,怎會不想孩子在測考上有理想的表現;可以的話,老師也想將自己的知識及技能在測考時與學生共享,讓他們考數學時能夠準確運算、考歷史時暢背如流,考體育時身手矯健,考語文時寫得一手好文章。問題是,在孩子的知識學習上,做老師的無論如何費盡心思精力,最多也只能爭取到五十分;餘下的五十分,是靠學生憑著勤勉韌力,以及興趣與動機,負責任地為自己一點一滴爭氣而得來的。說句老生常談,平日不努力,少計劃,多理由;考期將至時才臨陣磨槍,或者將希望依賴或寄託在他人身上,何曾有人可以因而獲得成就?

行有不得,反求諸己。測考也好,待人處事也好,惟有自己意識到自己在不同崗位上的責任,持續地付出與實踐,方能有成就的契機,雖然辛苦老套,但定比圖個僥倖來得務實。

「教協家長組」歡迎會員加入,請將您的姓名及會員證號碼電郵至 [email protected] 與我們聯絡,說明加入「教協家長組」。


張兆聰 中學教師。

民主倒車

偉華茶座 ■ 馮偉華

過去幾屆的特首選舉委員會選舉,教協都有派代表參選,一方面把會員關心的教育及社會議題帶進選舉辯論,爭取改善;另一方面也凸顯小圈子選舉的不公平,讓市民大眾認識真普選的意義。當然,我們不會天真地認為可左右選舉結果,但仍期望透過爭取相當數量的選委席位,在有限空間內,有策略地發揮影響力,尋求施政改善,尤其在教育問題上的改善。同樣重要的,是讓教育界內大、中、小、幼、特的選民,有機會透過手中一票,反映民意,發揮群眾有限的影響力。 …… 閱讀全文

Over 10,000 Teachers Oppose to So-called Voluntary Covid-19 Testing
HKPTU Criticizes the Education Bureau Barks Up the Wrong Tree

PTU News Reporter

On February 3, the Education Bureau (EDB) unexpectedly announced that after the Lunar New Year holiday, all teachers are required to test regularly for Covid-19 to allow the whole school to resume half-day face-to-face classes. Otherwise, only one-third of the students can go back to school. The Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) conducted a survey with teachers and principals from primary and secondary schools, special schools as well as kindergartens afterwards and swiftly received 11,822 responses in about 18 hours, including 306 and 196 responses from principals and vice-principals correspondingly. The unprecedented replies reflected that the education sector was extremely concerned about the arrangement.

Over 90% of the respondents express their anger and say the EDB lacks justifications

According to the survey, as many as 10,967 respondents (92.8%) said the EDB’s decision was not well-founded. It raised questions about the EDB’s rationale for tying the number of students resuming classes to regular teacher testing. When asked whether the action of the EDB made the respondents angry, 90% answered yes, indicating the unreasonable decision of the EDB has already offended the education sector.

The EDB introduced such measures without explaining the procedures and criteria. The survey showed that 453 (90.2%) principals and vice-principals were expected to face administrative obstacles. Mr. IP Kin-yuen, the vice president of the HKPTU, understood that the measure has already received severe complaints from numerous school managements. The latter criticized the EDB for not considering the complications in implementing the scheme, and the procedures were very cumbersome. Although the EDB stated the test is not mandatory, the reality is schools and teachers are morally coerced by the responsibility of resuming classes. IP pointed out the measures have put the schools and teachers between a rock and a hard place; they were pressured and even ‘being put on the spot’.

EDB works behind closed doors and finally set off anger

The president of HKPTU, Dr. FUNG Wai-wah, said the findings were one-sided due to the lack of consultation with the education sector. In addition, it was short of scientific support and did not take into account the problems schools will face; such handling even showed no respect to schools and teachers. He criticized that the EDB has been working behind closed doors for a long time, and the result has detonated the anger of the education sector. FUNG urged the Secretary for Education, Mr. Kevin YEUNG Yun-hung, to immediately withdraw the plan and apologize to fellow principals and teachers, as well as to reflect on his mistakes and learn to consult the education sector extensively before implementing any policies in the future.

Shall not tie vaccination with class resumption

FUNG has also sent an open letter to YEUNG on March 10, urging the EDB to respect the free will of teachers and not to use any coercive or disguised compulsion to force teachers to vaccinate, such as tying teacher vaccinations with school resumption.

 

Press release on survey results: www.hkptu.org/85572

An Open letter from FUNG Wai-wah to Kevin YEUNG Yun-hung: www.hkptu.org/86627

 

教協對預算案深表失望
教育經常開支比例再跌 重點承諾不知所終

本報記者

新年度預算案的教育經常開支預算為1,007億元,較本年度修訂預算實質增加3.4%,增幅位列各政策組別榜末,教育經常開支佔政府經常開支的比例,亦由2017/18年度的22.2%降至19.5%,連續5年創回歸以來的新低。

預算案涉及教育的投資主要是每年注資創科基金5億元,以及將創科行業短期實習計劃恆常化;中小學則分別是為文憑試考生代繳考試費,以及撥款約2億元,將「奇趣IT識多啲」計劃推展至小學,而幼教界則在預算案中「食白果」。 …… 閱讀全文

書店是自由的地方

「流離失所的人們,真理並不選擇土地」
——〈發現〉王敏

王敏是詩人,也是教協有為圖書坊(下稱:有為)的店長。台北、北京、武漢、香港,他周遊在華人的世界,找尋自己的真理,有為是他的所有,也是他的心血。

…… 閱讀全文

恒指基金表現長期不濟

利財筆記 ■ 林本利

恒指公司有意增加恒指成分股數目,納入更多有「故事」而無實質盈利的中概股和科技股,以為可以藉此提振恒指。但根據過往經驗,結果只會協助那些早已低價入市的人在高位散貨,令恒指長期表現遠遠落後於其他指數。

根據理柏提供的強積金資料,截至去年底,追蹤恒指的被動式股票基金,過去10年的表現極之不濟,1年平均回報是負數,3年的平均回報亦是負數,其中一個最佳的基金錄得1.7%回報,只因有一年不知何故偏離了追蹤恒指。再看10年的回報,最佳的基金年均回報不過是4.2%,稍高於平均回報4.0%。 …… 閱讀全文