教協報/特刊

通識卷一數據題處理

通識縱橫遊 ■ 資深通識科教師 賴得鐘

文憑試開考在即,各位老師定必正與同學們努力操卷。筆者以往曾在一些通識講座中聽過取得5**的應屆畢業生分享。他們大多數的意見是在分配時間操卷時,宜側重卷一題目,尤其是數據題。本文嘗試跟各位分享一下相關經驗。

多操練卷一題目不無道理。一些考生表示由於較高分的題目(例如卷一的(c)部分或卷二)大多數考生都不能取得最高層級的分數而有失分風險;反而卷一中四至六分的低分題目是寸土必爭,其中又以數據題最難處理。因此,雖然相信老師和考生對此已多番操練,但仍請容許筆者在這裡列出一些考生在試場作答時,可能因緊張而時常忽略的要點,作為提醒的清單也好。

首先,把表列的項目分類。在閱讀表列時,如果橫列或直欄有3個或以上的項目便應嘗試分類。例如去年(2020)卷一第一題資料B提供了7項「香港學生使用互聯網及電子屏幕產品的不良影響。」其中第二至四項(「放棄外出活動」、「減少睡眠時間」和「影響學業成績」)屬於對學生個人的影響;但其餘第一及第五項(「與父母爭執」和「向父母、朋友及師長隱瞞上網時間」)則屬於人際關係方面的影響。

雖然並非每一題都要求同學分類作答,但這樣分類一來可以令閱卷員感到考生不只是在抄寫資料;二來作答時間有限,很難逐項交代,因此若能以類別作答,便可以交代全個表列的情況,但又不至於逐個數字抄寫以致過於冗贅。

資料解讀及分析十分重要,但作答時也要做齊要求才能取得滿分。每一題的具體要求固然各有不同,需要考生仔細閱讀題目,但也可以參考以下5項答卷元素,以確保作答的細節齊全。

一、主題句:考生在答案的第一句,便應開宗明義直接回答問題。例如題目問及某現象的趨勢,便應在答案第一句指出;但主題句應保持精簡,通常一句已足夠,太長反而令焦點模糊。

二、引述數據:即使主題句正確指出了題目要求的解讀,但卻不可忘記引用數據,以免令論點缺乏根據。大多數題目不需要同學引述所有數據,或可如上文所指般把數據分類,然後引用同一類別中較有代表性(如最高或最低數值)的數據便可。

三、簡單計算:引用數據後宜加上簡單計算,讓閱卷員看到同學並非搬字過紙。可能是簡單的加減數或百分比的計算等等,太複雜反而令閱卷員一頭霧水。此外,計算後如何表達也要準確。例如由2019年的100升至2020年的400,可以寫成「一年之間增加三倍」或「2020年是2019年的四倍」。這些細微錯誤也足以令同學不能取得滿分。

四、形容幅度:除了引用數字及計算外,也應以文字形容數值變化的幅度,例如「大幅」或「輕微」上升、「大致相若」等,讓閱卷員看到同學對數字的感覺。

五、推論社會現象:部分題目在數字背後往往希望同學理解某種社會現象,例如家庭入息中位數反映社會貧富現象、中國生育率下降反映人口老化現象等。個別題目未必需要同學做這一步,但在通識卷中「IR」(非題目所需)的答案不會扣分,因此如有猶豫而有時間的話加入此項也無妨。

以上各項希望能幫到各位老師給同學一個備忘清單,以免他們掛一漏萬而失分。各位老師努力!

PTUNEWS (Issue 714) 2021-02

Ms Lam’s Death Inquest Concluded
Coroner’s Court Deems Tragedy Avoidable
HKPTU Calls for Improvement on Current Mechanism

TWGHs Leo Tung-hai LEE Primary School teacher Lam Lai-tong fell to death on campus in 2019. The Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) unprecedentedly request the opening of a death inquest as a labour union and appointed a team of lawyers to restore the truth as well as avoid tragedies in the future. The Coroner’s Court declared Lam’s death was suicide on 29th January. The Coroner mentioned had the principal been neutral and object, and had someone stood up for Lam, the tragedy could have been avoided. Read more…


Government to Consult on Post Secondary Colleges Ordinance Review in Partial Response to HKPTU’s Demands

In the face of the rapid development of self-financing education, the Post Secondary Colleges Ordinance (Cap. 320) has not been amended for over a decade, and many of its provisions have become outdated. As early as 2018, the HKPTU has already handed in two submissions to the Task Force on Review of Self-financing Post-secondary Education, proposing to reform the Ordinance, and reiterated the urgent need for reform to the Legislative Council Panel on Education in 2019. The Government finally published a consultation document in late December 2020 to launch a consultation on the review of the Post Secondary Colleges Ordinance. President of the Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) Fung Wai-wah is pleased to see that the legislative amendment exercise has finally made concrete progress and accepted some of HKPTU’s requests to repeal many outdated provisions and enhance the financial transparency of the institutions. Yet, he believes that the consultation proposal still lacks protection for institutional autonomy.
Read more…

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Government to Consult on Post Secondary
Colleges Ordinance Review in Partial Response to HKPTU’s Demands

HKPTU News Reporter

In the face of the rapid development of self-financing education, the Post Secondary Colleges Ordinance (Cap. 320) has not been amended for over a decade, and many of its provisions have become outdated. As early as 2018, the HKPTU has already handed in two submissions to the Task Force on Review of Self-financing Post-secondary Education, proposing to reform the Ordinance, and reiterated the urgent need for reform to the Legislative Council Panel on Education in 2019. The Government finally published a consultation document in late December 2020 to launch a consultation on the review of the Post Secondary Colleges Ordinance. President of the Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) Fung Wai-wah is pleased to see that the legislative amendment exercise has finally made concrete progress and accepted some of HKPTU’s requests to repeal many outdated provisions and enhance the financial transparency of the institutions. Yet, he believes that the consultation proposal still lacks protection for institutional autonomy. …… 閱讀全文

Ms Lam’s Death Inquest Concluded Coroner’s Court Deems Tragedy Avoidable HKPTU Calls for Improvement on Current Mechanism

HKPTU News Reporter

TWGHs Leo Tung-hai LEE Primary School teacher Lam Lai-tong fell to death on campus in 2019. The Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) unprecedentedly request the opening of a death inquest as a labour union and appointed a team of lawyers to restore the truth as well as avoid tragedies in the future. The Coroner’s Court declared Lam’s death was suicide on 29th January. The Coroner mentioned had the principal been neutral and object, and had someone stood up for Lam, the tragedy could have been avoided. …… 閱讀全文

法律防止職場欺凌 之 英國篇(下篇)

權益與專業 ■ 教協權益及投訴部副主任  何志偉

> 法律防止職場欺凌 之 英國篇(上篇)

上期本專欄介紹了有關英國政府機構「諮詢、調解、仲裁服務中心」(Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service,簡稱ACAS)發出一份「工作間的欺凌及騷擾:員工指南」(Bullying and harassment at work: a guide for employees),當中講解了職場欺凌的定義和例子等。本期繼續為大家闡釋ACAS另一份有關僱主處理職場欺凌的指南,以及英國政府建議面對職場欺凌的處理方法。 …… 閱讀全文

離開議會之後

東籬下 ■ 葉建源

大家好!去年11月底辭去立法會議員之後,辦事處每個月寄給會員的電郵、《教協報》的「立法焦點」欄目,都停止了。但我說過,離開立法會,但不離開教育界。今天,我以新的形式與各位見面。

「採菊東籬下,悠然見南山」,只是一種嚮往。現實中沒有東籬,也無菊可採;推開窗只見建築物,不見南山,但願還可以心境悠然。感謝不少朋友和會員的問候,離開立法會之後的生活很簡單:忙於執拾。首先是八年來積累的、堆滿議員辦事處的大量文件和物品,丟的丟,送的送,還剩下一大堆。其中二十箱送返家裡,用了一整個月的時間,還沒執拾停當……不過,執拾物品也是一個有趣的過程,會不斷勾起一個又一個回憶片段,尤其是一些「遠古」的事情,本已遺忘了,但眼前卻又「證據確鑿」,不得不承認人腦記憶其實並不可靠。

也有朋友關心議員辦事處的助理們的去向。坦白說,這也是我們離職時最擔心的問題,因為近二十位民主派議員集體請辭,就意味著近二百位議員助理馬上失業。雖然助理們入職時都明白這份職業與議員的任期捆綁在一起,但這麼多人一起找新工作,也實在不容易啊!我的七位助理各有各的計劃,多數都已有新的發展,我謹代表他們感謝各位的關心。

除了執拾之外,還有一點空閒,便做一點過去少做的運動,和讀一點書。許多年來,忙於事務,冷落了書櫃裡的藏書,即使讀也往往只是與眼前事務相關的書。如今,拍一拍書背的塵埃,斟一杯熱茶,便一頭鑽進去,重拾書本的樂趣。最近讀秦漢之間的歷史,鑑古思今,很有意思。

與教協會務相關的事情,仍是會繼續跟進的。我說過,離開立法會,但沒有離開教育界。執筆之日,死因庭剛就李東海小學墮樓案作了判決,還林老師一個公道;前幾天與律師團隊開了網上會議,商議「釘牌」上訴案的推展;一位老師任教小學的資格不獲承認,教學半年後,竟被教育局追討全部二十萬元薪金;還有遊學團問題,昨天仍在與一位旅議會的朋友商討……面對教育界目前艱難的情況,大家都要有韌力,我會與各位一起,堅定同行。

過幾天,我又會在教協會所為大家寫揮春。在這裡先預祝大家新年快樂,身體健康,萬事如意!

最理想的旅行

八千里路 ■ 原人

旅行像很遙遠的事了,大家有否想過,下一次旅行會是怎麼樣呢?每個人心目中大概都有一種理想的旅行,有人喜歡行街、有的愛好購物、打卡、遊覽景點,而近日看到瓊安娜(Joanna Lumley)在Netflix / BBC的旅行節目,發現我心中夢想的旅行,叫做探索。她拍攝的3輯節目,從我們最熟悉的日本、絲綢之路,到從香港出發的西伯利亞鐵路,都非常精彩,各有特色。 …… 閱讀全文